EU Research Project

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 266470

Scientific contact

Prof. Dr. Heinrich Bülthoff

Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics

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Simulated PAV flight

This work has been performed at the Opens internal link in current windowUniversity of Liverpool and is part of the following publication (also see our Opens internal link in current windowpublication database):
Perfect P. , Jump M. and White M. D. (2012) Development of Handling Qualities Requirements for a Personal Aerial Vehicle 38th European Rotorcraft Forum, 1-18.


We have developed a generic dynamics model that represents PAV-like flight behaviour. It can be rapidly configured to represent vehicle response types that confer different levels of handling qualities upon the simulated PAV. The dynamic model includes sophisticated vehicle response types that are suited to certain types of tasks in certain parts of the flight envelope. Therefore, a hybrid response type has been developed that automatically provides the optimum response type to the pilot depending on the flight condition.
The generic PAV model has been evaluated in various tasks with experienced test pilots on the Heliflight-R simulator at the University of Liverpool. The hybrid response type indeed provided the best handling qualities, but that these are not yet sufficiently refined to allow non-professional pilots to safely control a PAV. Discussions with the test pilots revealed useful insight into how this may be achieved, and these modifications will be implemented in the next iteration of the model.
The generic PAV model has also been implemented on the research simulators at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics and the German Aerospace Center DLR. The model is used for experimental evaluations for novel human-machine interfaces and piloted assessments on the Flying Helicopter Simulator.